- Social Skills Training- A lack of social skills is a hallmark of autism no matter where they fall on the spectrum. People that are not on the spectrum process social situations instantly and naturally. The role of social skills training is to teach a person with ASD social rules that most seem to already know. This intervention can be in a group or one-one setting. There are many methods to helping people on the spectrum become for aware such as social stories, technology and social skills group.
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy helps people with Asperger’s syndrome and high function autism cope with real-life issues and social interactions. The sessions are structured and designed to improve the stress and anxiety associated with the AS and HFA.
- Speech-Language Therapy- More so for people higher on the spectrum, speech helps with developing the give and take that naturally occurs in converstations.
- Applied Behavioral Analysis
- Occupational Therapy- OT assists with poor motor coordination and sensory processing disorders.
- Sensory Integration- The nervous system receives messages from the senses and turns them into responses. Many children with ASD receive and respond to sensory input abnormally. The sensory information goes into the brain but does not get organized into appropriate responses. People is ASD receive and/or respond to sensory input differently than most people creating a sensory processing disorder. These difficulties consistent throughout most of their day. This impacts their performance at home, school, play, and work.
Most people are shocked to hear that we actually have eight rather than five senses.
- Visual- The system is responsible for seeing.
- Auditory- This system is responsible for hearing. It allows us to distinguish between foreground and background noises. It also allows for auditory perception so that we respond appropriately. This sense helps us identify volume, pitch and positioning of sound.
- Tactile- There are two purposes to the tactile sense. One is to protect. It allows us to feel pain, pressure and temperature. This is useful around a hot stove. Two is discriminative. It allows us to non-visually identiy shape, texture and size.
- Olfactory- This sense allows us to identify different scents.
- Gustatory- This sense allows us to taste bitter, sweet and salty flavors.
- Vestibular- This sense allows us to keep our bodies balanced and upright. It tells us if we are falling and awakes muscles to keep us upright. This also allows us to align our bodies in space.
- Proprioception- This allows us to feel where our body is in space. This body awareness for example tells us how much pressure to put on a marker or how hard to throw an object.
- Interoception- This sense allows us to identify physical awareness of the body. For example, the ability to feel hunger or the sensation of being full.
- Exercise- Exercise is beneficial to people with Asperger’s and high functioning autism in unique ways. It reduces the risk of becoming overweight. Exercise cuts down on the risks of developing diabetes, cardiovascular disease, bone and joint problems, and even depression. Exercise can reduce self-stimulating and negative behaviors. Think running, swimming, aerobics, martial arts, etc.